(American Heart Association News) Kids exposed to their parents’ smoking may have a higher risk of developing heart disease in adulthood than those whose parents didn’t smoke, doctor according to research in the American Heart Association journal Circulation.
The study’s results add to the growing evidence that exposure to smoking from parents has a lasting effect on children’s cardiovascular health in adulthood.
Researchers tracked participants in the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study, cialis which included childhood exposure to parental smoking in 1980 and 1983. They collected carotid ultrasound data in adulthood in 2001 and 2007.
In 2014, researchers measured participant’s childhood blood cotinine levels from samples collected and frozen in 1980. Cotinine is a biomarker of passive smoke exposure.
The percent of children with non-detectable cotinine levels were highest among households where neither parent smoked (84 percent), decreased in households where one parent smoked (62 percent) and were lowest among households where both parents smoked (43 percent).